Reducing Your Small Business's Tax Burden: 10 Expert Tips for UK Entrepreneurs

Reducing tax burden
Taxes can be a significant expense for small business owners, but there are ways to legally minimise the amount you pay and keep more of your hard-earned income. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll share ten expert tips for reducing your small business’s tax burden in the UK. Let’s dive in!

Choose the Right Legal Structure

Your business’s legal structure can majorly impact your tax liability. Sole traders and partnerships pay income tax, while limited companies pay Corporation Tax. Consider consulting with an accountant or tax advisor to determine the most tax-efficient structure for your specific situation.

Claim all Available Deductions

Ensure you’re claiming all allowable business expenses to reduce your taxable income. Common deductions include:

  • Office supplies and equipment
  • Business travel
  • Staff salaries and benefits
  • Professional fees (e.g., accountants, lawyers)
  • Rent and utilities (if you have a dedicated office space)

Keep detailed records of your expenses and consult a tax professional to ensure you’re not missing any potential deductions.

Utilise the Annual Investment Allowance (AIA)

The AIA allows you to deduct the total cost of qualifying business assets (e.g., machinery, equipment, vehicles) from your taxable income in the year of purchase. As of April 2022, the AIA limit is £1m. This can provide substantial tax savings, particularly for businesses with significant capital expenditures.

Take Advantage of Tax Relief Programs

Several tax relief programs exist to help UK small businesses reduce their tax burden. Examples include:

  • Research and Development (R&D) Tax Credits: For businesses investing in innovative projects.
  • Patent Box: For companies earning income from patented inventions.
  • Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS): For businesses seeking external investment.
    Consult a tax advisor to determine if your business qualifies for these programs.

Maximise Pension Contributions

Pension contributions for both business owners and employees can be tax-deductible. By maximising your pension contributions, you can reduce your taxable income while also saving for retirement.

Employ Family Members

If you have family members who can assist with your business, consider employing them and paying a reasonable salary. This allows you to distribute income among family members, potentially reducing your overall tax liability.

Use a Company Car

If you use a car for business, you can claim allowable expenses related to the vehicle, such as fuel, maintenance, and insurance. However, be aware that company cars can be subject to Benefit-in-Kind (BIK) taxes, so choose a fuel-efficient model to minimise this expense.

Register for VAT

If your annual turnover exceeds £85,000 (as of 2023), you must register for VAT. However, even if your turnover is below this threshold, voluntary VAT registration can be beneficial. It allows you to reclaim VAT on your purchases, which can result in tax savings.

Plan for Capital Gains Tax (CGT)

If you plan to sell business assets, consider the timing to minimise your CGT liability. For example, spreading asset sales over multiple years may keep you within the lower tax brackets.

Seek Professional Advice

Tax laws are complex, and every business’s situation is unique. Consult a qualified tax professional or accountant to ensure you’re taking full advantage of available tax savings.


Reducing your small business’s tax burden is possible with the right strategies and professional guidance. By following these ten expert tips and seeking advice from a tax professional, you can keep more of your hard-earned income and continue to grow your business. If you found this guide helpful, please share it with fellow UK entrepreneurs and remember to consult with a tax expert when necessary.

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